Ambientalizacion de los Interiores de Manzana del Ensanche de Barcelona
This Project is the IMM contribution at the international workshop, titled: “Recycling Urban Landscapes / Regenerating Urban Environment” hosted in 2011-12 at MUHBA, museu d’historia de Barcelona, organized by the Master program on Landscape and Heritage intervention and Management” (UAB, Università Autonoma de Barcelona). The initial request of the project was to transform four individual urban block courtyards in Barcelona, to make them sustainable public spaces, that could serve the surrounding area as part of a greater Barcelona urban strategy, called ProEixample, which aims to recover an identified number of courtyards. The proposed approach is based on consideration of those blocks as a part of the entire Barcelona urban system. According to this holistic and multi-scale approach, the implemented intervention focuses on the neighbourhood scale including 41 blocks of the Eixample. Thanks to integration with the green corridor project and the modification of the Transportation Layer, the number of private cars has been reduced, while public transportation has been promoted increasing the Accessibility of the area. The proposal improves the Diversity by increasing the number of key facilities, as well as the Interface bringing more Complexity to the neighbourhood. Simultaneously, in order to improve the Accessibility, new functions are proposed with consideration of symbiotic relationships with transportation and green layers. In accordance with the IMM® methodology every single element works as a multiplier of the performance of every other single component. In this proposal, renewable energy production consists of PV panels and solar collectors. While the transportation approach is based on a Superblock strategy made by a grid of basic roads forming a polygon, some 400 by 400 meters, with both interior and exterior components. The car free interior streets are covered by grass and used solely by the superblock‘s residence cars, service cars and emergency vehicles. On the other hand, the Superblock’s peripheral axes are dedicated to motorized traffic circulation, and makes up the basic roads.